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Adding a test in 'raw' format


= Overview of Steps =
To add a new test to Fuego, you need to perform the following steps:

 * 1. Decide on a test name and type
 * 2. Make the test directory
 * 3. Get the source (or binary) for the test
 * 4. Write a test script for the test
 * 5. Add the test_specs (if any) for the test
 * 6. Add log processing to the test
 * 6-a. (if a benchmark) Add and criteria and reference files
 * 7. Create the Jenkins test configuration for the test

= Decide on a test name =
The first step to creating a test is deciding the test name.  There are two
types of tests supported by Fuego: functional tests and benchmark tests.
A functional test either passes or fails, while a benchmark test produces one or more numbers representing some performance measurements for the system.

Usually, the name of the test will be a combination of the test type
and a name to identify the test itself.  Here are some examples: "bonnie" is a popular disk performance test.  The name of this test in the fuego system is ''Benchmark.bonnie''.  A test which runs portions of the posix test suite is a functional test (it either passes or fails), and in Fuego is named ''Functional.posixtestsuite''.  The test name should be all one word (no spaces).

This name is used as the directory name where the test materials will live in the Fuego system.

= Create the directory for the test =
The main test directory is located in /fuego-core/engine/tests/''<test_name>''

So if you just created a new Functional test called 'foo', you would create the directory:
 * /fuego-core/engine/tests/

= Get the source for a test =
The actual creation of the test program itself is outside
the scope of Fuego.  Fuego is intended to execute an existing
test program, for which source code or a script already exists.

This page describes how to integrate such a test program into the Fuego test system.

A test program in Fuego is provided in source form so that it can
be compiled for whatever processor architecture is used by the 
target under test. This source may be in the form of a tarfile,
or a reference to a git repository, and one or more patches.

Create a tarfile for the test, by downloading the test source manually, and
creating the tarfile.  Or, note the reference for the git repository for the
test source.

== tarball source ==
If you are using source in the form of a tarfile, you add the name of the
tarfile (called 'tarball') to the test script.

The tarfile may be compressed.  Supported compression schemes, and their associated extensions are:
 * uncompressed (extension='.tar')
 * compressed with gzip (extension='.tar.gz' or '.tgz')
 * compressed with bzip2 (extension='.bz2')

For example, if the source for your test was in the tarfile 'foo-1.2.tgz' you
would add the following line to your test script, to reference this source:

== git source ==
If you are using source from an online git repository, you reference this
source by adding the variables 'gitrepo' and 'gitref' to the test script.

In this case, the 'gitrepo' is the URL used to access the source, and
the 'gitref' refers to a commit id (hash, tag, version, etc.) that refers
to a particular version of the code.

For example, if your test program is built from source in an online 'foo' repository,
and you want to use version 1.2 of that (which is tagged in the repository as 'v1.2',
on the master branch,  you might have some lines like the following in the test's

== script-based source ==
Some tests are simple enough to be implemented as a single script (that runs on the board).
For these tests, no additional source is necessary, and the script
can just be placed directly in the test's home directory.  During
the deploy phase, the script is sent to the board directly from
the test home directory instead of from the test build directory.

= Test script =
The test script is a small script, written the shell scripting language.  It
specifies the source tarfile containing the test program, and provides
implementations for the functions needed to build, deploy, execute, and evaluate the results from the test program.

The test script for a functional test should contain the following:
 * source reference (either tarball or gitrepo and gitref)
 * function test_pre_check (optional)
 * function test_build
 * function test_deploy
 * function test_run
 * function test_processing

The test_pre_check function is optional, and is used to check that 
the test environment and target configuration and setup are correct
in order to run the test.

== Sample test script ==
Here is the test script for the test Functional.hello_world.  This script demonstrates a lot of the core elements of a test script.  The name of this script is



function test_build {

function test_deploy {
    put hello  $BOARD_TESTDIR/fuego.$TESTDIR/

function test_run {

function test_processing {
    log_compare "$TESTDIR" "1" "SUCCESS" "p"          

== Description of base test functions ==
The base test functions (test_build, test_deploy, test_run, and test_processing) are fairly simple.  Each one contains a few statements to accomplish that phase of the test execution.

You can find more information about each of these functions at the following links:
 * [[function_test_pre_check|test_pre_check]]
 * [[function_test_build|test_build]]
 * [[function_test_deploy|test_deploy]]
 * [[function_test_run|test_run]]
 * [[function_test_processing|test_processing]]

= Test spec and plan =
Another element of every test is the "test spec".  A file is used
to define a set of parameters that are used to customize the test
for a particular use case.

You must define the test spec(s) for this test, and add an entry to the appropriate testplan for it.

Each test in the system can must have a test spec file.  This file
is used to list customizable variables for the test.

If a test program has no customizable variables, or none are desired,
then at a minimum a "default" test spec must be defined, with no test

The test spec file is:
 * named 'spec.json' in the test directory,
 * in JSON format, 
 * provides a testName attribute, and a specs attribute, which is a list,
 * may include any named spec you want, but must define at least the 'default' spec for the test
   * Note that the 'default' spec can be empty, if desired.

Here is an example one that defines no variables.

    "testName": "Benchmark.openssl",

Next, you may want to add an entry to one of the testplan files.  These files are located in the directory:

Choose a testplan you would like to include this test, and edit the corresponding file. For example, to add your test to the list of tests
executed when the 'default' testplan is used,  add an entry indicating to use the 'default' test spec to the 'testplan_default.json' file.

Here is what the added entry looks like for the Functional.hello_world test:
            "testName": "Functional.hello_world",
            "spec": "default"

Note that you should add a comma after your entry, if it is not the last
one in the list of "tests".

Please read [[Test Specs and Plans]] for more details.

= Test results parser =
Each test should also provide some mechanism to parse the results
from the test program, and determine the success of the test.

For a simple Functional test, you can use the [[function_log_compare|log_compare]] function to specify a pattern to search
for in the test log, and the number of times that pattern should be found
in order to indicate success of the test.  This is done from the
[[function_test_processing|test_processing]] function in the test script.

Here is an example of a call to log_compare:
function test_processing {
    log_compare "$TESTDIR" "11" "^TEST.*OK" "p"

This example looks for the pattern "^TEST.*OK", which finds lines in the
test log that start with the word 'TEST' and are followed by the string 'OK'
on the same line.  It looks for this pattern 11 times.

[[function_log_compare|log_compare]] can be used to parse the logs of
simple tests with line-oriented output.

For tests with more complex output, and for Benchmark tests that produce
numerical results, you must add a python program called '',
which scans the test log and produces a data structure used by 
other parts of the Fuego system.

See [[]] for information about this program.

= Pass criteria and reference info =
You should also provide information to Fuego to indicate how to evaluate
the ultimate resolution of the test.

For a Functional test, it is usually the case that the whole test passes
only if all individual test cases in the test pass.  That is, one error in
a test case indicates overall test failure.  However, for Benchmark tests,
the evaluation of the results is more complicated.  It is required to specify
what numbers constitute success vs. failure for the test.

Also, for very complicated Functional tests, there may be complicated
results, where, for example, some results should be ignored.

You can specify the criteria used to evaluate the test results, by creating
a '[[criteria.json]]' file for the test.

Finally, you may wish to add a file that indicates certain information about
the test results.  This information is placed in the '[[reference.json]]' file
for a test.

Please see the links for those files to learn more about what they are and
how to write them, and customize them for your system.
= Jenkins job definition file =
The last step in creating the test is to create the Jenkins job for it.

A Jenkins job describes to Jenkins what board to run the test on,
what variables to pass to the test (including the test spec (or variant),
and what script to run for the test.

Jenkins jobs are created using the command-line tool 'ftc'.

A Jenkin job has the name <node_name>.<spec>.<test_type>.<test_name>

You create a Jenkins job using a command like the following:
 * $ ftc add-jobs -b myboard -t Functional.mytest [-s default]

The ftc 'add-jobs' sub-command uses '-b' to specify the board,
'-t' to specify the test, and '-s' to specify the test spec that
will be used for this Jenkins job.

In this case, the name of the Jenkins job that would be created would be:
 * myboard.default.Functional.mytest

This results in the creation of a file called config.xml, in the /var/lib/jenkins/jobs/<job_name> directory.

= Publishing the test =
Tests that are of general interest should be submitted for inclusion into fuego-core.

Right now, the method of doing this is to create a commit and send that commit
to the fuego mailing list, for review, and hopefully acceptance and
integration by the fuego maintainers.

In the future, a server will be provided where test developers can share
tests that they have created in a kind of "test marketplace".  Tests will
be available for browsing and downloading, with results from other
developers available to compare with your own results.  There is already
preliminary support for packaging a test using the 'ftc package-test' feature.
More information about this service will be made available in the future.

= Technical Details =
This section has technical details about a test.

== Directory structure ==
The directory structure used by Fuego is documented at [[Fuego directories]]

== Files ==
A test consists of the following files or items:

||File or item||format||location||description||test type||
||config.xml  ||Jenkins XML||/var/lib/jenkins/jobs/{test_name}||Has the Jenkins (front-end) configuration for the test||all||
||tarfile     ||tar format ||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}||Has the source code for the test program||all||
||patches     ||patch format||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}||Zero or more patches to customize the test program (applied during the unpack phase||all||
||base script ||shell script||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}/||Is the shell script that implements the different test phases in Fuego||all||
||test spec   ||JSON        ||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}/spec.json||Has groups of variables (and their values) that can be used with this test||all||
||test plan(s)||JSON        ||/fuego-core/engine/overlays/testplans||Has the testplans for the entire system||all||
||   ||python      ||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}||Python program to parse benchmark metrics out of the log, and provide a dictionary to the Fuego plotter||all, but can be missing for Functional tests||
||pass criteria||JSON||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}/criteria.json||Has the "pass" criteria for the test||all||
||reference info||JSON||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}/reference.json||Has additional information about test results, such as the units for benchmark measurements||benchmark only||
||(deprecated) reference.log||Fuego-specific||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}||Has the threshold values and comparison operators for benchmark metrics measured by the test||benchmarks only||
||(deprecated) p/n logs    ||text        ||/fuego-core/engine/tests/{test_name}||Are logs with the results (positive or negative) parsed out, for determination of test pass/fail||functional only||

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